ENISA annual report also calls for better use of threat intel by frontline bods
Insider threats, ransomware and cyber espionage were all in decline in the early part of 2020, according to the EU’s cybersecurity agency – though the risk of an “uncontrolled cyber arms race” among nation states is growing.
The EU Agency for Cybersecurity (known as ENISA) said in its annual report issued today that those three categories of cyber threat were in decline up until April this year when COVID-19-related lockdowns began.
Nonetheless, the agency still warned of the “continuous increasing trend in the advanced adversary capabilities of threat actors,” adding: “Remarkably, the latter has come to amplify the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in cyberspace.”
Spanning the financial year 2019-20, ENISA’s latest annual report found that the main trend up until spring this year was for attack vectors to be more “personalised” through the use of credential thefts, phishing, “advanced social engineering” and advanced malware obfuscation techniques.
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The EU agency warned: “If cybercriminals start combining these advances with artificial intelligence and machine learning, in the future we will see an increase in successful attacks and undetectable campaigns.”
It also echoed more recent warnings that nation states are seeking ever greater “cyber capabilities” amid efforts to treat the public internet as a “war domain.” Only yesterday the US indicted a group of hackers from a Russian military intelligence unit, charging them with criminal offences in that country.
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